org.apache.commons.lang

Class LocaleUtils


public class LocaleUtils
extends Object

Operations to assist when working with a Locale.

This class tries to handle null input gracefully. An exception will not be thrown for a null input. Each method documents its behaviour in more detail.

Since:
2.2

Constructor Summary

LocaleUtils()
LocaleUtils instances should NOT be constructed in standard programming.

Method Summary

static List<E>
availableLocaleList()
Obtains an unmodifiable list of installed locales.
static Set<E>
availableLocaleSet()
Obtains an unmodifiable set of installed locales.
static List<E>
countriesByLanguage(String languageCode)
Obtains the list of countries supported for a given language.
static boolean
isAvailableLocale(Locale locale)
Checks if the locale specified is in the list of available locales.
static List<E>
languagesByCountry(String countryCode)
Obtains the list of languages supported for a given country.
static List<E>
localeLookupList(Locale locale)
Obtains the list of locales to search through when performing a locale search.
static List<E>
localeLookupList(Locale locale, Locale defaultLocale)
Obtains the list of locales to search through when performing a locale search.
static Locale
toLocale(String str)
Converts a String to a Locale.

Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object

clone, equals, extends Object> getClass, finalize, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Details

LocaleUtils

public LocaleUtils()
LocaleUtils instances should NOT be constructed in standard programming. Instead, the class should be used as LocaleUtils.toLocale("en_GB");.

This constructor is public to permit tools that require a JavaBean instance to operate.

Method Details

availableLocaleList

public static List<E> availableLocaleList()
Obtains an unmodifiable list of installed locales.

This method is a wrapper around Locale.getAvailableLocales(). It is more efficient, as the JDK method must create a new array each time it is called.

Returns:
the unmodifiable list of available locales

availableLocaleSet

public static Set<E> availableLocaleSet()
Obtains an unmodifiable set of installed locales.

This method is a wrapper around Locale.getAvailableLocales(). It is more efficient, as the JDK method must create a new array each time it is called.

Returns:
the unmodifiable set of available locales

countriesByLanguage

public static List<E> countriesByLanguage(String languageCode)
Obtains the list of countries supported for a given language.

This method takes a language code and searches to find the countries available for that language. Variant locales are removed.

Parameters:
languageCode - the 2 letter language code, null returns empty
Returns:
an unmodifiable List of Locale objects, never null

isAvailableLocale

public static boolean isAvailableLocale(Locale locale)
Checks if the locale specified is in the list of available locales.
Parameters:
locale - the Locale object to check if it is available
Returns:
true if the locale is a known locale

languagesByCountry

public static List<E> languagesByCountry(String countryCode)
Obtains the list of languages supported for a given country.

This method takes a country code and searches to find the languages available for that country. Variant locales are removed.

Parameters:
countryCode - the 2 letter country code, null returns empty
Returns:
an unmodifiable List of Locale objects, never null

localeLookupList

public static List<E> localeLookupList(Locale locale)
Obtains the list of locales to search through when performing a locale search.
 localeLookupList(Locale("fr","CA","xxx"))
   = [Locale("fr","CA","xxx"), Locale("fr","CA"), Locale("fr")]
 
Parameters:
locale - the locale to start from
Returns:
the unmodifiable list of Locale objects, 0 being locale, never null

localeLookupList

public static List<E> localeLookupList(Locale locale,
                                    Locale defaultLocale)
Obtains the list of locales to search through when performing a locale search.
 localeLookupList(Locale("fr", "CA", "xxx"), Locale("en"))
   = [Locale("fr","CA","xxx"), Locale("fr","CA"), Locale("fr"), Locale("en"]
 

The result list begins with the most specific locale, then the next more general and so on, finishing with the default locale. The list will never contain the same locale twice.

Parameters:
locale - the locale to start from, null returns empty list
defaultLocale - the default locale to use if no other is found
Returns:
the unmodifiable list of Locale objects, 0 being locale, never null

toLocale

public static Locale toLocale(String str)
Converts a String to a Locale.

This method takes the string format of a locale and creates the locale object from it.

   LocaleUtils.toLocale("en")         = new Locale("en", "")
   LocaleUtils.toLocale("en_GB")      = new Locale("en", "GB")
   LocaleUtils.toLocale("en_GB_xxx")  = new Locale("en", "GB", "xxx")   (#)
 

(#) The behaviour of the JDK variant constructor changed between JDK1.3 and JDK1.4. In JDK1.3, the constructor upper cases the variant, in JDK1.4, it doesn't. Thus, the result from getVariant() may vary depending on your JDK.

This method validates the input strictly. The language code must be lowercase. The country code must be uppercase. The separator must be an underscore. The length must be correct.

Parameters:
str - the locale String to convert, null returns null
Returns:
a Locale, null if null input
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the string is an invalid format